Mosquito: Not the right bite!

Malaria is a disease that’s caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquito, called “malaria vectors.” There are 5 parasite species that cause malaria in humans, and a pair of of those species – P. falciparum and P. vivax – pose the best threat. In 2018, P. falciparum accounted for 99.7% of estimated malaria cases within the WHO African Region 50% of cases within the WHO South-East Asia Region, 71% of cases within the Eastern Mediterranean and 65% within the Western Pacific. P. vivax is that the predominant parasite within the WHO Region of earth, representing 75% of malaria cases.

Symptoms of malaria include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea can also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow colouring of the skin and eyes) due to the loss of red blood cells. If not promptly treated, the infection can become severe and will cause kidney disease, seizures, disarray, coma, and death.

Malaria is a disease that's caused by Plasmodium parasites. The parasites are spread to people through the bites of infected female Anopheles mosquito.
Image via Live Science

Myths

 Vaccine for malaria


The complexity of the Plasmodium vivax makes development of a malaria vaccine a really difficult task. Recent progress has been made with the completion of a Phase 3 trial of the RTS, S/AS01 candidate vaccine and review by the eu Medicines Agency and WHO. There’s currently no commercially available malaria vaccine. Over 20 other vaccine constructs are currently being evaluated in clinical trials or are in advanced preclinical development.

Person already had malaria cannot have it again


It’s true that individuals, who have grown up in malaria-endemic areas, specifically if they were exposed as children, can gain some protection, but they will still get malaria, so it’s not safe to assume that they are doing not need protection. In addition, spending long periods of your time in malaria-free areas makes immune people more at risk of become affected again

 Malaria is not fatal


Malaria may be a serious and sometimes fatal disease specific form of mosquito which feeds on humans causes by a parasite that commonly infects. Those that get malaria are typically very sick with high fevers, shaking chills, and flu-like illness. Four varieties of malaria parasites infect humans: Plasmodium falciparum, P. vivax, P. ovale, and P. malariae. P. knowlesi,  is a sort of malaria that naturally infects macaques in geographical area. P. falciparum is that the form of malaria that’s possibly to lead to severe infections and if not promptly treated, may cause death. Although malaria may be a deadly disease, illness and death from malaria can usually be prevented.

Only human catch malaria

Malaria: affects animals yet as humans. There are over 200 species of malaria. But birds, bats, lizards and antelopes are hosts for malaria parasites. Hawaiian birds become very sick and dozens of species became extinct as results of the introduction of malaria. Mosquito spread this disease, thus, anyone can catch this disease.

Malaria is contagious

No. Malaria isn’t spread from person to person sort of a cold or the flu, and it can’t be sexually transmitted. You can’t get malaria from casual contact with malaria-infected people, like sitting next to someone who has malaria. Mosquito bite causes its spread in people.

Malaria is caused when the mosquito bites you, the parasite is released into your bloodstream.
Image via EUROIMMUN

In a way to understand what people think about malaria and their level of awareness. I conducted a groundwork survey using questionnaire method. The results of the survey are as follows:


• 49% of the respondents think that there is a vaccine for malaria, 28% thinks maybe and 23% think that there is no vaccine for malaria.
•47% think that if a person already had malaria then he can have it again, 36% think maybe and 17% think that if a person already had malaria then he cannot have it again.
• 41% of the respondents think that maybe malaria is fatal, 32% think that malaria is fatal and 27% think that malaria is not fatal.
•In the sample, 44% think that maybe only humans catch malaria, 34% think that yes only humans catch malaria and 22% think it’s not that only humans catch malaria.

• 49% think that maybe malaria is contagious, 27% were sure of the statement to be true and just 24% think that malaria is not contagious.

It was observed that, almost half of the respondents think that there is a vaccine for malaria. Nearly half think that if a person already had malaria then he can have it again. Also, less than half of the respondents think that maybe malaria is fatal.  Whereas, just 44% think that maybe only humans catch malaria. It was also found that around half think that maybe malaria is contagious.

Conclusion

It is our planet earth we have various diverse things present in the environment. Anyone can get malaria, because of mosquito bite. Most cases occur in those that board countries with malaria transmission. People from countries with no malaria can become infected after they visit countries with malaria or through a transfusion. In any of the case one must face the disease and fight with it. One must never let depression or anxiety to overpower oneself.

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