HIV AIDS: It does not mean “the end”

It is insufferable to transmit or contract AIDS, which is advanced or stage 3 HIV. There are many myths about HIV/AIDS transmission, but debunking them can give people a much better understanding of what precautions to require and when to determine a doctor.

Innovations in testing and treatment have greatly reduced the chance of contracting HIV and helped those with HIV live long and healthy lives.
In this blog, we glance at some common misconceptions about HIV transmission. It’s vital to recollect that undergoing HIV treatment makes it impossible that an individual will transmit the virus to somebody else.
If an individual suspects that they might have the virus or have risk factors, they’ll wish to speak to their doctor about testing.

The red ribbon, as an awareness ribbon, is the symbol for the solidarity of people living with HIV/AIDS, and for the awareness and prevention of drug abuse and drunk driving.
Image via Johnson& Johnson

Myths related to HIV/AIDS

Myth 1: An individual can contract HIV from touching someone who has it

It isn’t possible to transmit or contract HIV by touching. Infact, People cannot transmit or contract HIV just by touching. Shaking hands, hugging, high-fiving, or other sorts of physical contact won’t transmit the virus. A person can only contract the virus if they are available into contact with the subsequent fluids from an individual who already has HIV: blood, breast milk, pre-seminal, rectal, semen or vaginal. These fluids must inherit contact with another person’s mucous membranes, like in or on their rectum, vagina, penis, or mouth, for an individual to be in danger of contracting HIV. Transmission may also occur via broken skin or by using infected needles.

Myth 2: An individual can contract HIV from infected insects and animals


It is not that individual can contract HIV from infected insects and animals. Some people believe that they will contract HIV from infected insects. While insects can transmit some illnesses, HIV isn’t one among them. To transmit HIV, a mosquito or another insect would must bite an individual with HIV, then inject the blood into another person’s body. Insects don’t re-inject old blood into a replacement person, so it’s impossible for them to transmit HIV. While other sorts of the disease, like feline immunodeficiency virus (FIV), do exist, HIV only affects humans. Likewise, humans cannot contract FIV, which affects cats, or other immunodeficiency viruses in animals.

Myth 3: An individual can contract HIV from infected water

Some people say that, an individual can contract HIV from infected water . this is absolutely wrong. HIV cannot survive in water. As a result, an individual cannot contract the virus from swimming, drinking, bathing, or other activities involving water.
Also, an individual cannot contract HIV from the saliva, sweat, or tears of an individual with HIV, providing these water-based components don’t have blood in them.

Myth 4: If a pair has HIV, they are do not require to protect themselves

Another myth which is very popular is that, if a pair has HIV, they are do not require to protect themselves. The truth is that, people with different strains of HIV can transmit them to at least one another. Different strains of HIV exist. Therefore, if an individual and their partner have two different strains of HIV, they will transmit these to every other. Having over one strain of HIV can make treating it more difficult, as medications target specific strains to stop them from replicating. Also, an individual can still transmit and contract sexually transmitted infections from sex without a condom. Using a condom or another sort of barrier protection during sex and taking antiretroviral medications to stop HIV transmission are vital. this can be the case whether or not both partners have already got HIV.

Myth 5: Blood transfusions raise the chance of HIV

It is not that, Blood transfusions raise the chance of HIV. Doctors within the united nations and plenty of other developed regions rigorously test the blood supply for a range of blood-related conditions, including HIV. Banked blood that’s available for transfusion doesn’t contain HIV. an individual also cannot contract HIV from organ and tissue donations, as these have also undergone testing. When scientists were first identifying HIV, they recognized the symptoms of the condition but failed to know what virus caused it. As a result, they failed to test donated blood for HIV. Now, however, bank officials test donated blood to make sure that no viruses are present.

Myth 6: An individual cannot contract HIV from sexual perversion or deep-mouth kissing


Even Doctors consider HIV transmission via open-mouth kissing (French kissing) and sexual perversion rare but possible. During sexual perversion, placing the mouth on the penis, vagina, or anus can potentially expose an individual to infected fluids that might enter mucus membranes within the mouth. While the chance of contracting HIV as a results of sexual perversion is low, an individual can still take steps to guard themselves if their partner is has HIV.
To prevent transmission, doctors recommend monogamous sex with a partner who is taking antiretroviral therapy consistently. Antiretroviral therapy can reduce a person’s viral levels so HIV is untransmittable. Another rare mode of transmission is deep, open-mouth kissing. an individual cannot contract HIV from kissing someone on the cheeks or maybe on the lips. However, if kissing with an open mouth exposes them to sores or bleeding gums from an individual with HIV, they might contract the virus. It is essential to notice that HIV isn’t transmitted through the saliva but through blood during a person’s mouth.


Image via TED Talks

Research

In a way to understand what do people think about HIV/AIDS, I conducted a research using the questionnaire method. The results of which are as follows:

  • 60% of the respondents think that maybe HIV can be transmitted by touch and only 31% think that no HIV cannot be transmitted by touch.
  • 69% think that maybe insects or animals can transmit HIV in humans, 8% think yes and 23% think that insects or animals cannot transmit HIV in humans.
  • 71% think that HIV can be transmitted from infected water and 22% think no HIV cannot be transmitted from infected water.
  • 67% of the respondents think that maybe if a pair has HIV then they do not need to protect themselves and 28% think that no if a pair has HIV then it is not that they do not need to protect themselves.
  • 78% think that maybe blood transfusion raise the risk of HIV, 16% THINK NO that blood transfusion does not raise the risk of HIV.

It was observed that, most of the respondents think that maybe HIV can be transmitted by touch. Many of the respondents think that maybe insects or animals can transmit HIV in humans. More than 70 % think that HIV can be transmitted from infected water. Majority of the respondents think that maybe if a pair has HIV then they do not need to protect themselves. Also, nearly 80% think that maybe blood transfusion raise the risk of HIV.

Summary

People cannot transmit AIDS, but they will transmit HIV. There are many treatments available to assist prevent HIV from attending to AIDS. Anyone concerned that they’ll have HIV or face exposure to the virus may wish to speak to a doctor about testing. By avoiding getting into myths about HIV and AIDS, more people can seek diagnosis and treatment earlier and lead long, healthy lives.

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