Diabetes is a kind of a chronic disease that happens when the pancreas is not any longer able to make insulin, or when the body cannot observe use of the insulin it produces. Insulin may be a hormone made by the pancreas that acts sort of a key to let glucose from the food we eat pass from the blood stream into the cells within the body to provide energy. All carbohydrate foods are attenuated into glucose within the blood. Insulin helps glucose get into the cells. Not having the ability to provide insulin or use it effectively results in raised glucose levels within the blood (known as hyperglycaemia). Over the long-term high glucose levels are related to damage to the body and failure of assorted organs and tissues.
Types of diabetes disease
There are three main kinds of diabetes – type 1, type 2 and gestational.
Type 1 diabetes can develop at any age, but occurs most often in children and adolescents. Once you have type 1 diabetes, your body produces little or no or no insulin, which suggests that you simply need daily insulin injections to take care of glucose levels in restraint.
Type 2 diabetes is more common in adults and accounts for around 90% of all diabetes cases. Once you have type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t observe use of the insulin that it produces. The cornerstone of type 2 diabetes treatment is healthy lifestyle, including increased physical activity and healthy diet. However, over time the majority with type 2 diabetes would require oral drugs and/or insulin to stay their glucose levels in restraint.
Gestational diabetes (GDM) may be a form of diabetes that consists of high glucose during pregnancy and is related to complications to both mother and child. GDM usually disappears after pregnancy but women affected and their children are at increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Myths related to the disease
MYTH 1: People with diabetes can’t eat sugar
This is one amongst the foremost common diabetes myths; that folks with the condition need to eat a sugar-free diet. People with diabetes have to eat a diet that’s balanced, which may include some sugar carefully. People with diabetes can eat sugar.
MYTH 2: Being overweight is the only reason for diabetes
Whilst type 2 diabetes is commonly related to being overweight and obese by the media, it’s patently untrue that type 2 diabetes only affects overweight people. Around 20% of individuals with type 2 diabetes are of a standard weight, or underweight.
MYTH 3: People with diabetes shouldn’t play sport
High-prominence diabetic sportsmen and ladies have disproved this diabetes myth. People with diabetes should participate in exercise to keep up a healthy lifestyle. There are some factors worth considering before partaking in sport, but there’s no reason why people with diabetes can’t participate in most cases.
MYTH 4: People with diabetes are more likely to be ill
People with diabetes aren’t more likely to possess colds or other illnesses. The importance of illness for people with diabetes is that it can make the management of glucose levels tougher which may increase the severity of an illness or infection. Prevention of illness is especially important and thus flu jabs are advisable and free.
MYTH 5: Diabetes is disease that might spread through touch
Something of a classic playground myth, diabetes can’t be caught off some other person. Diabetes is categorised as being a non-communicable illness meaning it can’t be passed on by sneezing, through touch, nor via blood or the other person to person means.
The only way within which diabetes will be passed on is from parents to their own children but even this is often only a genetic likelihood of diabetes and not the condition itself.
In a way to understand people’s perception about diabetes, I conducted a research using questionnaire method. Results of which are as follows:
- 84% of the respondents think that people with diabetes can’t eat sugar, 11% think maybe and only 5% think that no the statement is not true.
- 81% of the respondents think that being overweight is the only cause of diabetes, 9% think that maybe being overweight is the only cause of diabetes and 10% think that being overweight is not the only cause of diabetes.
- 69% think that maybe the people with diabetes should not play sports, 18% think that yes the people with diabetes should not play sports and just 13% think that it’s not that the people with diabetes should not play sports.
- 71% of the respondents think that maybe people with diabetes are more likely to be ill, 24% think yes people with diabetes are more likely to be ill and only 5% think that people with diabetes are not more likely to be ill.
- 55% think that maybe diabetes is a communicable disease and can spread through touch, 16% think yes diabetes is a communicable disease and can spread through touch and 29% think that no diabetes is not a communicable disease and cannot spread through touch.
Outcome of the research
It was observed that, most of the respondents think that people with diabetes can’t eat sugar. Many of the respondents think that being overweight is the only cause of diabetes. More than half of the respondents think that maybe the people with diabetes should not play sports. Also, it was seen that large number of the respondents think that maybe people with diabetes are more likely to be ill. There are also majority of the sample who think that maybe diabetes is a communicable disease and can spread through touch.
Diabetes is not a disease which will act as a full stop in a person’s life. Everyone has the capability of overcoming the problems but this can only be done if we face them. Thus, one must not get into any kind of rumours related to any disease. Rather one should always go through the research process and try to analyse and observe the issues keenly. In case if anyone finds himself/ herself to be having the symptoms of diabetes he/she must immediately contact the doctor for it.